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Vision & Learning

vision-learning-childMost children have no idea how they are supposed to see. Therefore it is important that you know the signs that a vision problem is interfering with your child’s ability to read and learn.

Do You Know Your Vision Facts?

  • One out of four children struggle with reading and learning because of undiagnosed vision problems.
  • It is estimated that over 60% of problem learners have undiagnosed vision problems.
  • 80% of learning in the classroom is visual.
  • The majority of the vision problems that interfere with reading and learning are very treatable.
  • Seeing clearly (20/20) is just one of 17 visual skills critical to academic success.

According to the American Federation of Teachers, vision plays an important role in our children’s education and that:

“…even the most gifted students will struggle academically if they have trouble seeing the board or focusing on a book. A tremendous amount of learning happens visually, so proper vision care is crucial to helping students reach their full potential.”

20/20 is NOT Enough

Vision screenings in school and at the pediatrician’s office usually only test distance vision. Most people think that 20/20 is “perfect vision”, when in fact 20/20 is simply a measurement of what someone is able to see at a distance of 20 feet. Most of our learning is through reading, which is not at 20 feet at all!

Many Visual Skills are Necessary to Read

There are 17 visual skills required for reading and learning, including the ability to point the eyes together at the right spot, to focus the eyes, to move across the page properly. These skills are often not tested in most vision screenings. Passing a vision screening, which tests only distance vision, leads parents to believe incorrectly that vision is fine.

My Child Has Already Been Tested and I Was Told He Sees Fine?

The eye exam from the eye doctor’s office is designed to test how healthy your eyes are and to see if you need glasses or contact lenses. The eye exam is not designed to test ALL of the 17 visual skills required for academic success.

Why is My Child Having Such a Hard Time in School?

If any of these visual skills are not working properly, it can make reading and learning an unnecessary challenge. Some children develop behavior problems, while others avoid reading or simply refuse to read. Usually the child is bright, causing parents to be confused by the child’s difficulties. Often the child is labeled hyperactive, lazy, or slow. What makes this even worse is that many of these problems can easily be mistaken as learning disabilities or attention problems such as ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder).

Is it Time for a Developmental Vision Evaluation?

Does your child need a developmental vision evaluation? Look over the symptom checklist to see how many signs your child has. PHYSICAL SYMPTOMS

  • Red, sore, or itchy eyes
  • Jerky eye movements or one eye turning in or out
  • Squinting, eye rubbing, or excessive blinking
  • Blurred or double vision
  • Headaches, dizziness, or nausea after reading
  • Head tilting, closing or blocking one eye when reading


  • Avoidance of near work
  • Frequent loss of place
  • Omits, inserts, or rereads letters/words
  • Confuses similar looking words
  • Failure to recognize the same word in the next sentence
  • Poor reading comprehension
  • Letter/word reversals after the first grade
  • Difficulty copying from the chalkboard
  • Poor handwriting, misaligned numbers
  • Book held too close to the eyes
  • Inconsistent or poor sports performance


  • Smart in everything but school
  • Low self-esteem, poor self-image
  • Temper flares up, aggressiveness
  • Frequent crying
  • Short attention span
  • Fatigue, frustration, stress
  • Irritability
  • Day dreaming


  • Autism Spectrum Disorder
  • Dyslexia
  • Attention Deficit and/or Hyperactive
  • Non-Verbal Learning Disorder
  • Sensory Processing Disorder


  • Struggling with Behavioral Issues
  • An underachiever
  • Lazy or unmotivated

Any of the above symptoms is a sign that your child may have a vision problem contributing to his or her learning or behavior challenges. If your child struggles with reading or learning, call our office to schedule an appointment.   510.651.3937

Contact Us

Milano Optometry
47860 Warm Springs Boulevard
Fremont, CA 94539
Tel 510.651.3937
Fax 510.651.3983

Patient Testimonials

Dr. Milano was so attentive to my little man that I felt was well worth the visit.

— Jennifer N., San Jose, CA